Magnesium is an important nutrient that the body needs functions in the body. It affects muscle and nerve function, blood sugar levels, blood pressure, heart health and bone strength. Find out which are the Best Foods High in Magnesium and the major Health Benefits of Magnesium.
Best Foods High in Magnesium
Magnesium is an essential mineral that performs a host of necessary functions. It helps your body utilize other minerals and vitamins and is vital for the right functioning of muscles and nerves, including the heart. Studies show that people who live in areas with hard water have less cardiovascular disease, and hard water is the result of high levels of magnesium and calcium.
It helps the body turn glucose into energy and helps regulate body temperature. Magnesium is used as a laxative, a sleep aid and an antacid. About 50 percent of the magnesium people get in your diet is absorbed by the small intestine, and the rate goes up if you’re deficient in the mineral. Another good thing about magnesium is that it’s found in a variety of foods.
What are the symptoms of magnesium deficiency?
According to Healthline, early signs of low magnesium include nausea, vomiting, weakness and decreased appetite. Read 6 Huge Magnesium Deficiency Symptoms here.
Magnesium supplements are available over the counter at most supermarkets and pharmacies, but registered dietitians say it is preferable to eat whole foods containing magnesium naturally to prevent a magnesium deficiency.
What food is highest in magnesium?
|Food Sources||Amount||Milligrams (mg) per serving||Percent DV*|
|Almonds, dry roasted||1 ounce||80||19|
|Avocado, cubed||½ cup||22||5|
|Beef, ground, 90% lean||3 ounces||20||5|
|Black beans, cooked||½ cup||60||14|
|Bread, whole wheat||1 slice||23||5|
|Cashews, dry roasted||1 ounce||74||18|
|Cereal, shredded wheat||2 large biscuits||61||15|
|Chicken breast, roasted||3 ounces||22||5|
|Kidney beans||½ cup||35||8|
|Oatmeal, instant||1 packet||36||9|
|Peanuts, oil roasted||¼ cup||63||15|
|Peanut butter, smooth||2 tablespoons||49||12|
|Potato, baked with skin||3.5 ounces||43||10|
|Rice, brown||½ cup||42||10|
|Rice, white||½ cup||10||2|
|Salmon farmed||3 ounces||26||6|
|Spinach, boiled||½ cup||78||19|
|Yogurt, plain, low fat||8 ounces||42||10|
All beans have health benefits, but when it comes to magnesium, black beans are the best. Other good legumes for magnesium are navy beans, tempeh (fermented soybeans), pinto beans, lima beans, and kidney beans.
Green Leafy Vegetables
Nearly all green vegetables have a good amount of magnesium, because magnesium is an essential component of chlorophyll. This is the green pigment that lets a plant convert sunlight into energy. Beet greens are especially rich in magnesium, and a cup has 106 milligrams of the mineral. Other vegetables that are good sources of magnesium are steamed collards and steamed mustard greens.
Sunflower seeds have a good amount of magnesium, and sesame seeds have even more. Other seeds that provide good amounts of magnesium are pumpkin seeds and chia seeds.
Wheat germ is the embryonic form of the wheat plant, and it is full of nutrients besides magnesium. Two tablespoons of wheat germ delivers a little over 11 percent of the daily value of magnesium.
Some fruits also bring a lot of magnesium, including dried apricots, avocados, dried, pitted dates, raisins, prunes and a good sized wedge of watermelon.
The avocado is an incredibly nutritious fruit and a tasty source of magnesium. Avocados are also high in potassium, B vitamins and vitamin K. And unlike most fruits, they’re high in fat — especially heart-healthy monounsaturated fat.
Types of seafood that are good sources of magnesium include cooked crabmeat, baked flounder, pink, canned salmon, cooked shrimp, canned shrimp and canned tuna. But few things beat seaweed when comes to magnesium. A cup of kelp has 1670 mg of magnesium.
Almonds and Brazil nuts have whopping amounts of magnesium. A cup of almonds has 378 mg of magnesium, while a cup of unsalted Brazil nuts has 558. Other nuts that have high levels of magnesium are pistachios and roasted peanuts.
For instance, a 1-ounce (28-gram) serving of cashews contains 82 mg of magnesium, or 20% of the RDI (11).
Among meats, fried beef and calf liver has a lot of magnesium, as does oven roasted rump roast and pot roast. Beef steaks are good sources of the mineral, as are roasted leg of lamb, lamb shoulder, bacon, pork chops and cured, roasted ham. The light meat of a roasted turkey has a good percentage of magnesium.
Tofu is soybean curd pressed into forms. Depending on how much liquid is taken away, it can be silken, soft, firm or extra firm. Some types of tofu are dehydrated. An extra firm, 122 gram block of tofu has 65 mg of magnesium.
*DV = Daily Value. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) developed DVs to help consumers compare the nutrient contents of foods and dietary supplements within the context of a total diet. The DV for magnesium on the new Nutrition Facts and Supplement Facts labels and used for the values in Table 2 is 420 mg for adults and children aged 4 years and older . FDA required manufacturers to use these new labels starting in January 2020, but companies with annual sales of less than $10 million may continue to use the old labels that list a magnesium DV of 400 mg until January 2021 [11,13]. FDA does not require food labels to list magnesium content unless magnesium has been added to the food. Foods providing 20% or more of the DV are considered to be high sources of a nutrient, but foods providing lower percentages of the DV also contribute to a healthful diet.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA’s) FoodData Centralexternal link disclaimer lists the nutrient content of many foods and provides comprehensive list of foods containing magnesium arranged by nutrient content and by food name.